All seafarers working on seagoing vessels must have a written employment contract with the employer/shipowner. According to MLC Standard A2.1, seafarers` employment contracts must in all cases include the following information: In particular, with regard to the employment of crew, the MLC requires that each flag State have a clearly written and legally enforceable contract for each crew member, and not a general crew agreement. This is called a seafarer`s employment contract or SEA. The SEA is a contractual agreement between the individual crew member and the owner, representative or owner of the ship. (In most cases, the owner has little to do with the management of the yacht; since many yachts are owned and operated by a management company, we will now only refer to the « employer » to cover all three entities.) If a seafarer is not employed directly by the shipowner, but by a third party (e.g. B a personnel agency), the employer must be a contracting party to the SUP. In such cases, the shipowner (or an authorized representative of the shipowner) must also sign the agreement to ensure that the shipowner fulfils all of the employer`s obligations to the seafarer under the SEAfarer covered by Parts 1 and 2 of Annex 1 to this MMM if the employer fails to comply with those obligations. Prior to the introduction of the MLC, most flag States required « occupancy agreements » that set out the main terms and conditions of employment […].