Withdrawal Agreement Bill Political Declaration

The removal of clauses that promise alignment with the EU in terms of workers` rights. The government promised in the Queen`s Speech on Thursday that workers` rights would instead be « protected and enhanced » under an employment law. The agreement covers issues such as money, civil rights, border regulation and dispute settlement. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the remaining 27 EU countries[9] and the British government of Prime Minister Theresa May, but met with resistance in the British Parliament, whose approval was required for ratification. The consent of the European Parliament would also have been required. On the 15th. In January 2019, the House of Commons rejected the Withdrawal Agreement by 432 votes to 202.

[10] The House of Commons again rejected the agreement on March 12, 2019 by 391 votes to 242[11] and rejected it a third time on March 29, 2019 by 344 votes to 286. On 22 October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by the Boris Johnson government was published in the first stage in Parliament, but Johnson suspended the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme did not find the necessary support and announced his intention to call a general election. [12] On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the Withdrawal Agreement. On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the Withdrawal Agreement. It was then finalised by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020. The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political declaration, replacing the word « appropriate » with « appropriate » in relation to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade researcher at the Centre for European Reform, the change excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms. [27] In addition, the level playing field mechanism has been moved from the legally binding Withdrawal Agreement to the Political Declaration[24] and the line in the Political Declaration that « the UK will consider aligning itself with EU legislation in relevant areas » has been deleted. [26] According to the WAB law, the Withdrawal Agreement must also be ratified by the European Parliament. The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the Withdrawal Agreement, with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (abolition of the « backstop ») and a revised political declaration. .

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